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Part 2: General Ongania and others

by on December 9, 2011

General Ongania

            General Ongania took charge under the so-called “Revolution Argentina” which had lead the coup in June of 1966.  The military took on the large task of re-establishing new political and social order by the practice of an “authoritarian-bureaucratic state.” (Wiki)  Ultimately, Ongania dismissed congress and made a puppet out of the Supreme Court.  Nothing was really done to increase productivity, so economic growth remained low.   The police was given the liberty to search and detain people without the need of a warrant.  They did the same to Universities and fired any and all of the professors they believed to be a threat.  Suddenly, Argentine began to settle down from chaos thanks to the strong oppression.

            They allowed the currency to devaluate by 40 percent and were able to resort to the IMF for a “stand by” loan. (Todo Argentina)  Public expenses were also reduced from 40 percent to 14 percent, in hope to decrease the national deficit.  Wages increased by 35 percent.  (Crow 1992 (1946), p. 848)

            The Catholic Church became important once again and everyone who favored the military government enjoyed prosperity, so out of convenience the opposition began to quite down.  Ongania steered the country into a right-winged direction and became very pro-American.

The underground movement grew stronger as political instability began to conquer the streets of Buenos Aires.  Even the church declared its sympathy to the Socialist revolutionary movement. (Wiki)  General Juan Carlos Aramburu was the voice of this junction, along with the archbishop of Buenos Aires.  However, he was kidnapped and brutally murdered by Peronist gorilla movement. . (Todo Argentina) The Peronist wanted to regain the remains of Eva Peron and demonstrated their furry by chopping off all of the General’s limbs.  By June of 1970, Argentina experienced it’s fifth military intervention in 15 years, this time led by the army, navy and air force combined. 

Consequently, they put General Roberto Levingston in power who and restored political activities and decreased the duration of the political term to four years.  He was quickly replaced by General Alejandro Augustin Lanusse who tried to reconcile with the Peronists and as an act of faith returned the body of Eva Peron.  His government also resulted unsuccessful and election finally came into place in 1973.

Hector Campora became the new president of Argentina, but he displeased Peron and his followers so he quickly stepped down and his vice-president, Raul Lastiri, took his place.  He was only in office for three months and by September of the same year, held elections once again.


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