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Historical Timeline

by on October 28, 2011

Timeline # 1:

1912 Sáenz Peña Law introduces universal, secret and compulsory male suffrage, end of the Generation of ’80
1916 Start of presidency of Hipólito Yrigoyen, UCR democratic reformist
1918 Students strikes and demonstrations enforce the university reform of shared powers between teachers, graduates and students
1927 Fabrica Militar de Aviones aircraft factory founded in Cordoba
1930 Military coup deposed Yrigoyen, starting the ‘Infamous Decade’
1931 General Agustín Justo declared winner of Presidency following ‘patriotic fraud’ in election
1943 ‘National Revolution’ led by nationalist military officers including Colonel Juan Perón; ensured continued non-intervention in World War II
1944 San Juan earthquake destroys provincial capital, kills 10,000
1945 Argentina enters World War II on the side of the Allies and admitted as founding member of United Nations
1945 Perón arrested then freed after major popular protest by those known as the Descamisados
1946 Perón elected President; re-elected to presidency in 1951
1946 Indigenous people march in Malón de la Paz to Buenos Aires to demand land rights
1947 Women’s suffrage is approved
1950 First flight of the FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II, the first jet fighter to be entirely developed and built in Latin America and the 6th in the World.
1950 The National Atomic Energy Commission (Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, CNEA) is founded
1952 Death of Eva Perón
1955 Perón ousted in ‘Liberating Revolution’ military coup
1956 INTA, the National Agricultural Technology Institute, is created
1957 INTI, the National Industrial Technology Institute, is created
1958 ARA Independencia, the first aircraft carrier of the Argentine Navy enter service
1962 Military coup ended presidency of civilian Arturo Frondizi
1966 General Juan Carlos Onganía assumed power and represses political parties
1967 Death of Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara
1969 In the Cordobazo popular protests of May 1969, thousands of citizens routed the army and police and took control of Córdoba for two days
1969 A counter-insurgency aircraft, the FMA IA 58 Pucará, flies for the first time
1969 Aircraft carrier ARA Veinticinco de Mayo replaces ARA Independencia
1970 General Alejandro Lanusse emerged as President after Onganía toppled
1970-76 Civil conflict and terrorist attacks, principally by left-wing Montoneros and Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo opposed by paramilitary Argentine Anticommunist Alliance
1973 The Ezeiza massacre takes place upon Perón’s return from exile, when members of the Triple A open fire on the crowd awaiting him.
1973 Democratic elections brought Peronist Héctor Cámpora to power; Perón elected president in fresh elections later that year
1974 Atucha I Nuclear Power Plant, the first nuclear power plant in Latin America, began operation
1974 Perón died, leaving widow Isabel Martínez de Perón as president
1976 Military coup in March deposed Martínez de Perón
1976 The high-technology company INVAP is created
1976-1983 The Proceso de Reorganización Nacional military government led by Jorge Vileda repressed political and armed opposition through use of torture, forced disappearance and extra-judicial killing up of to 30,000 people
1978 Argentina hosted and won the 1978 Football World Cup
1978 Argentina refused the binding Beagle Channel Arbitration and started the Operation Soberania in order to invade Chile
1982 Leader General Leopoldo Galtieri sent troops to the Falkland Islands triggering Falklands War; British task force retook islands by mid-June
1983 Military government collapsed; election of Radical Raúl Alfonsín as president
1984 The Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile and Argentina ends border dispute over Picton,Nueva and Lennox islands
1984 Embalse nuclear power plant began operations
1984 The trainer aircraft FMA IA 63 Pampa flight for the first time.
1985 La Historia Oficial film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
1986 Argentina wins 1986 Football World Cup, captained by Diego Maradona
1987 First uprising by Carapintadas, commanded by Colonel Aldo Rico, two arrested. Alfonsín delares La casa está en orden (The house is in order)
1988 Second Carapintada revolt, again under Rico’s command in January, 300 arrested
1988 Third and last Carapintada uprising, led by Mohammed Alí Seineldín, two arrested
1989 Dissident military group attacks La Tablada regiment, but are finally seized
1989 Hyper-inflation and political turmoil brings Peronist Carlos Menem to power in election
1990-1999 Neo-liberal economic policies and privatisations brought general strikes, hunger strikes and political party realignments
1991 Peso pegged to US Dollar
1991 Argentina is the only Latin American country to participate in the first Gulf War under mandate of the United Nations
1991 Mercosur customs union founded by the Treaty of Asunción
1991 Argentina, Brazil and Chile signed the Mendoza Declaration prohibiting Chemical Weapons
1992 Israeli Embassy attack in Buenos Aires killed 29 in terrorist attack
1993 Argentina joins UNFICYP mission at Cyprus. As of 2006, ground troops and helicopters are serving there and since 1999 have other Latin American countries troops embedded.
1994 Following the Pacto de Olivos, the constitution reform is agreed, allowing Presidents to serve second consecutive term
1994 Bombing of AMIA Jewish Community Centre in Buenos Aires, killing 85
1994 The murder of Conscript Omar Carrasco led to the abolition of Conscription
1995 Menem won second term
1995 Argentina acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
1995 FMA privatized into Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina
1996 Radical Fernando de la Rúa elected first Mayor of Buenos Aires
1997 Radicals, left-wing FrePaSo and others joined forces as Alianza electoral alliance to oppose Menem and Peronists
1997 The A-4AR Fightinghawk enter service in the Argentine Air Force
1998 U.S. President Bill Clinton designated Argentina as a major non-NATO ally
1999 De la Rúa won Presidency as head of the Alianza, but was confronted by growing economic crisis
1999 In one of the worst accidents in the history of Argentinian aviation, LAPA flight 3142 crash at Aeroparque Jorge Newbery airport resulted in 65 fatalities.
[edit]Since 2000

Néstor Kirchner
2000 Hitech company INVAP is chosen by Australia to design and construct the OPAL nuclear reactor
2000 Vice-President Carlos Álvarez resigned in protest political bribes scandal, precipitating crisis in ruling alliance
2001 In March, the remaining FrePaSo ministers resigned from government in protest at economic and labour reforms
2001 In November, the government responded to a run on banks by limiting access to bank deposits in the corralito
2001 In December, events that have become known as the Argentinazo took place:
middle classes, exasperated with constraints of corralito, took to streets in protest in the Cacerolazo
Trade unions and piqueteros began protests, and shops and businesses were ransacked
Violent protests and mass demonstrations in the Plaza de Mayo; 26 die in protests nationwide
Finance minister Domingo Cavallo and President de la Rúa resigned in quick succession on 19 and 20 December
Provincial governor Adolfo Rodríguez Saá appointed president by Argentine Congress on 22 December
Rodríguez Saá declared a short-lived debt moratorium. After a few days, Argentina officially defaulted on $93 billion of its debt to the International Monetary Fund and creditors
Rodríguez Saá resigned after a week following lack of support from colleagues
Eduardo Duhalde, losing candidate in the 1999 presidential elections, appointed president with broad cross-party support
2002 Duhalde imposes further financial measures, including converting dollar accounts to pesos, scrapping 1:1 parity with the dollar, and social measures to bring economy under control
2003 Former President Carlos Menem wins first round of presidential election but pulls out facing certain defeat, handing victory to fellow Peronist Néstor Kirchner
2004 In April more than 100,000 people demonstrated in Buenos Aires in support of Juan Carlos Blumberg, father of murdered student Axel Blumberg, demanding harsher criminal laws
2004 Kirchner pursued Argentine debt restructuring
2004 Natural gas supply shortage produced tension with Chile
2004 Antarctic Treaty Secretariat established in Buenos Aires
2004 A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires kills 194 people and injures 714
2005 Relations between Catholic Church and government broke down in February row between military chaplain and minister over abortion
2005 Supreme Court overruled ‘Laws of Pardon’ that were used to pardon military figures of the Dirty War
2005 First disputes of the Cellulose plant conflict between Argentina and Uruguay
2005 Mid-term elections in October saw a massive split in the Justicialist Party between Kirchner’s centre-left Front for Victory faction and the rump of his former patron Duhalde and other provincial leaders; Front for Victory wins by large margin
2005 Massive demonstrations against U.S. President George W. Bush at the Fourth Summit of the Americas in Mar del Plata
2005 In December, Kirchner announced cancellation of IMF debt with single, final payment
2006 Buenos Aires mayor Aníbal Ibarra removed from office following accusations of negligence regarding the República Cromagnon nightclub fire of 2004
2007 Catholic priest Christian Von Wernich is found guilty of involvement in seven murders and 42 cases of kidnapping and torture related to the state-sponsored Dirty War. Von Wernich is sentenced to life imprisonment.
2007 Cristina Kirchner assumes as new president of Argentina.

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