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by on October 28, 2011

Argentina – CIA Factbook
Population:
41,769,726 (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.4% (male 5,429,488/female 5,181,289)
15-64 years: 63.6% (male 13,253,468/female 13,301,530)
65 years and over: 11% (male 1,897,144/female 2,706,807) (2011 est.)

Median age:
total: 30.5 years
male: 29.5 years
female: 31.6 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.017% (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115

Birth rate:
17.54 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111

Death rate:
7.38 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114

Urbanization:
urban population: 92% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities – population:
BUENOS AIRES (capital) 12.988 million; Cordoba 1.493 million; Rosario 1.231 million; Mendoza 917,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 831,000 (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.052 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 10.81 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 145
male: 12.08 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.48 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.95 years
country comparison to the world: 68
male: 73.71 years
female: 80.36 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.31 children born/woman (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:
0.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:
110,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39

HIV/AIDS – deaths:
2,900 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 3% of population (2008)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 91% of population
rural: 77% of population
total: 90% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9% of population
rural: 23% of population
total: 10% of population (2008)

Nationality:
noun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine

Ethnic groups:
white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%

Religions:
nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

Languages:
Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.2%
male: 97.2%
female: 97.2% (2001 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 17 years (2007)

Education expenditures:
4.9% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 63

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
# # #

Government ::ARGENTINA
Country name:
conventional long form: Argentine Republic
conventional short form: Argentina
local long form: Republica Argentina
local short form: Argentina
Government type: republic
Capital:
name: Buenos Aires
geographic coordinates: 34 36 S, 58 40 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: none scheduled for 2011
Administrative divisions:

23 provinces (provincias, singular – provincia) and 1 autonomous city*; Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires*, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego – Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (Tierra del Fuego), Tucuman
note: the US does not recognize any claims to Antarctica
Independence:

9 July 1816 (from Spain)
National holiday:

Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)
Constitution:

1 May 1853; amended many times starting in 1860
Legal system:

civil law system based on West European legal systems; note – efforts at civil code reform begun in the mid-1980s has stagnated
International law organization participation:

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18-70 years of age; universal and compulsory
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Julio COBOS (since 10 December 2007); note – the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head o government: President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Julio COBOS (since 10 December 2007)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
(For more information visit the World Leaders website )
elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 28 October 2007 (next election to be held in 23 October 2011)
election results: Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER elected president; percent of vote – Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER 45%, Elisa CARRIO 23%, Roberto LAVAGNA 17%, Alberto Rodriguez SAA 8%, other 7%
Legislative branch:
bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate (72 seats; members are elected by direct vote; presently one-third of the members elected every two years to serve six-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies (257 seats; members are elected by direct vote; one-half of the members elected every two years to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate – last held on 28 June 2009 (next to be held in 2011); Chamber of Deputies – last held on 28 June 2009 (next to be held in 2011)
election results: Senate – percent of vote by bloc or party – NA; seats by bloc or party – FpV 8, ACyS 14, PJ disidente 2; Chamber of Deputies – percent of vote by bloc or party – NA; seats by bloc or party – FpV 45, ACyS 42, PRO 20, PJ disidente 12, other 8; note – as of 1 February 2011, the composition of the entire legislature is as follows: Senate – seats by bloc or party – FpV 32, UCR 16, PJ disidente 14, other 10; Chamber of Deputies – seats by bloc or party – FpV 87, ACyS 43, PRO 11, PJ disidente 28, CC 19, PS 6, other 63
Judicial branch:

Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (the Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president with approval of the Senate)
note: the Supreme Court has seven judges; the Argentine Congress in 2006 passed a bill to gradually reduce the number of Supreme Court judges to five
Political parties and leaders:
Civic and Social Accord or ACyS (a now-defunct center-left alliance that included the CC, UCR, and Socialist parties-created ahead of the 2009 legislative elections); Civic Coalition or CC (a broad coalition loosely affiliated with Elisa CARRIO); Dissident Peronists or PJ Disidente (a sector of the Justicialist Party opposed to the Kirchners); Front for Victory or FpV (a broad coalition, including elements of the UCR and numerous provincial parties) [Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER]; Justicialist Party or PJ [Daniel SCIOLI]; Radical Civic Union or UCR [Ernesto SANZ]; Republican Proposal or PRO [Mauricio MACRI] (including Federal Recreate Movement or RECREAR [Esteban BULLRICH]; Socialist Party or PS [Ruben GIUSTINIANI]; Union For All [Patricia BULLRICH] (associated with the Civic Coalition); numerous provincial parties
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Argentine Association of Pharmaceutical Labs (CILFA); Argentine Industrial Union (manufacturers’ association); Argentine Rural Confederation or CRA (small to medium landowners’ association); Argentine Rural Society (large landowners’ association); Central of Argentine Workers or CTA (a radical union for employed and unemployed workers); General Confederation of Labor or CGT (Peronist-leaning umbrella labor organization); White and Blue CGT (dissident CGT labor confederation); Roman Catholic Church
other: business organizations; Peronist-dominated labor movement; Piquetero groups (popular protest organizations that can be either pro or anti-government); students
International organization participation:
AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BCIE, BIS, CAN (associate), FAO, FATF, G-15, G-20, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Paris Club (associate), PCA, RG, SICA (observer), UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Alfredo Vicente CHIARADIA
chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone: [1] (202) 238-6400
FAX: [1] (202) 332-3171
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York
Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Vilma MARTINEZ
embassy: Avenida Colombia 4300, C1425GMN Buenos Aires
mailing address: international mail: use embassy street address; APO address: US Embassy Buenos Aires, Unit 4334, APO AA 34034
telephone: [54] (11) 5777-4533
FAX: [54] (11) 5777-4240
Flag description:
three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun
National anthem:
name: “Himno Nacional Argentino” (Argentine National Anthem)
lyrics/music: Vicente LOPEZ y PLANES/Jose Blas PARERA
note: adopted 1813; Vicente LOPEZ was inspired to write the anthem after watching a play about the 1810 May Revolution against Spain
# # #

Economy ::ARGENTINA
Economy – overview:

Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Although one of the world’s wealthiest countries 100 years ago, Argentina suffered during most of the 20th century from recurring economic crises, persistent fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation, mounting external debt, and capital flight. A severe depression, growing public and external indebtedness, and a bank run culminated in 2001 in the most serious economic, social, and political crisis in the country’s turbulent history. Interim President Adolfo RODRIGUEZ SAA declared a default – the largest in history – on the government’s foreign debt in December of that year, and abruptly resigned only a few days after taking office. His successor, Eduardo DUHALDE, announced an end to the peso’s decade-long 1-to-1 peg to the US dollar in early 2002. The economy bottomed out that year, with real GDP 18% smaller than in 1998 and almost 60% of Argentines under the poverty line. Real GDP rebounded to grow by an average 8.5% annually over the subsequent six years, taking advantage of previously idled industrial capacity and labor, an audacious debt restructuring and reduced debt burden, excellent international financial conditions, and expansionary monetary and fiscal policies. Inflation also increased, however, during the administration of President Nestor KIRCHNER, which responded with price restraints on businesses, as well as export taxes and restraints, and beginning in early 2007, with understating inflation data. Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER succeeded her husband as President in late 2007, and the rapid economic growth of previous years began to slow sharply the following year as government policies held back exports and the world economy fell into recession. The economy has rebounded strongly from the 2009 recession, but the government’s continued reliance on expansionary fiscal and monetary policies risks exacerbating already high inflation.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $596 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
$554.5 billion (2009 est.)
$571.6 billion (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $370.3 billion (2010 est.)

GDP – real growth rate: 7.5% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
-3% (2009 est.)
5% (2008 est.)

GDP – per capita (PPP): $14,700 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
$13,700 (2009 est.)
$14,100 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP – composition by sector:
agriculture: 8.5%
industry: 31.6%
services: 59.8% (2010 est.)

Labor force: 16.54 million
country comparison to the world: 36
note: urban areas only (2010 est.)

Labor force – by occupation:
agriculture: 5%
industry: 23%
services: 72% (2009 est.)

Unemployment rate: 7.9% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 87
8.7% (2009 est.)

Population below poverty line: 30%
note: data are based on private estimates (2010)

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.7%
highest 10%: 29.5% (3rd Quarter, 2010)

Distribution of family income – Gini index: 41.4 3rd quarter, 2010
country comparison to the world: 53

Investment (gross fixed): 22% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
Budget: revenues: $87.63 billion
expenditures: $86.85 billion (2010 est.)

Taxes and other revenues: 23.7% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
0.2% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40

Public debt: 45.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
48.6% of GDP (2009 est.)
note: official data

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 22% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
16% (2009 est.)
note: data are derived from private estimates
Central bank discount rate: NA%

Commercial bank prime lending rate: 10.558% (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
15.655% (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of narrow money: $40.35 billion (31 December 2010)
country comparison to the world: 47
$32.22 billion (31 December 2009)

Stock of broad money: $112.9 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
$85.18 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of domestic credit: $105 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
$83.35 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares: $48.93 billion (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 50
$52.31 billion (31 December 2008)
$86.68 billion (31 December 2007)

Agriculture – products:
sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock

Industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel

Industrial production growth rate: 8.90%
country comparison to the world: 34
note: based on private estimates (2010 est.)

Electricity – production: 109.5 billion kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
Electricity – consumption: 99.21 billion kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
Electricity – exports: 2.628 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity – imports: 10.28 billion kWh (2007 est.)

Oil – production: 796,300 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
Oil – consumption: 622,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
Oil – exports: 314,400 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
Oil – imports: 52,290 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
Oil – proved reserves: 2.386 billion bbl (1 January 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34

Natural gas – production: 41.36 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
Natural gas – consumption: 43.14 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
Natural gas – exports: 890 million cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
Natural gas – imports: 2.66 billion cu m (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
Natural gas – proved reserves: 398.4 billion cu m (1 January 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35

Current account balance: $3.573 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
$11.13 billion (2009 est.)

Exports: $68.5 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
$55.67 billion (2009 est.)
Exports – commodities: soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat
Exports – partners: Brazil 20.5%, Chile 7.9%, US 6.6%, China 6.6%, Netherlands 4.3% (2009)

Imports: $56.44 billion (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
$38.78 billion (2009 est.)
Imports – commodities: machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum and natural gas, organic chemicals, plastics
Imports – partners: Brazil 31.1%, US 13.3%, China 12.4%, Germany 5.1% (2009)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $52.23 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
$48.03 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Debt – external: $128 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
$120.2 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment – at home: $86.35 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
$80.15 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment – abroad: $30.39 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
$29.45 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

Exchange rates: Argentine pesos (ARS) per US dollar – 3.8983 (2010)
3.7101 (2009)
3.1636 (2008)
3.1105 (2007)
3.0543 (2006)
# # #
Transnational Issues ::ARGENTINA
Disputes – international:
Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands in its constitution, forcibly occupying the Falklands in 1982, but in 1995 agreed no longer to seek settlement by force; UK continues to reject Argentine requests for sovereignty talks; territorial claim in Antarctica partially overlaps UK and Chilean claims; uncontested dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question; in 2010, the ICJ ruled in favor of Uruguay’s operation of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina; the two countries formed a joint pollution monitoring regime; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001 has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur); contraband smuggling, human trafficking, and illegal narcotic trafficking are problems in the porous areas of the border with Bolivia

Illicit drugs:
a transshipment country for cocaine headed for Europe, heroin headed for the US, and ephedrine and pseudoephedrine headed for Mexico; some money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; law enforcement corruption; a source for precursor chemicals; increasing domestic consumption of drugs in urban centers, especially cocaine base and synthetic drugs (2008)
# # #

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